What is a 287(g) agreement?

The Section 287(g) program allows certain state and local law enforcement agencies to engage in federal immigration enforcement activities.

The ACLU has strongly opposed the 287(g) program, believing it has led to illegal racial profiling and civil rights abuses while diverting scarce resources from traditional local law enforcement functions and distorting immigration enforcement priorities.

How have 287(g) agreements been used in Texas in the past?

For the past decade, Texas only had two 287(g) agreements with U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE): the Harris County Sheriff Department and the Carrolton Police Department. In February 2017, the newly elected Harris County Sheriff honored his campaign promise to end the agreement with ICE because of civil rights concerns and costs. This outcome couldn't have been possible without the great organizing efforts of the immigrant rights and criminal justice community. In 2018, Carrolton Police Department ended their 287(g) agreement.

How are 287(g) agreements being used under the Trump administration?

While Harris County and Carrolton PD opted out of the 287(g) agreement, eighteen Texas counties applied and signed 287(g) "jail agreements" with ICE. As of July 31, 2017 the following jurisdictions have joined Trump's deportation efforts and will have deputies acting as immigration agents in their jails: Aransas, Burnet, Calhoun, Chambers, DeWitt, Galveston, Goliad, Jackson, Lavaca, Lubbock, Matagorda, Montgomery, Nueces, Potter, Refugio, Rockwall, Smith, Tarrant, Terrell, Victoria, Walker, Waller, Wharton and Williamson. Some of these jurisdictions have concerning track records related to racial profiling, civil rights abuses and discrimination.

Below is an interactive map of Texas counties who have enrolled in the 287(g) program. Hover above the highlighted region to reveal the name of the County.

Collaboration through a 287(g) agreement is not mandatory and makes our communities less safe. This program has a track record of devastating consequences for community relations: it erodes people’s trust in our officers and makes residents reluctant to report crimes because they fear they or their family members might face deportation. In addition, such collaboration strains public funds and exposes local governments to legal liability. Local law enforcement should place their community and its safety first by refusing to enter into a 287(g) agreement or any other intergovernmental service agreement with ICE. The costs of enmeshing in federal civil immigration enforcement far outweigh any perceived benefits.

Currently, Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) only negotiates “jail agreements,” which allow local police to act like federal immigration agents within local jails. This results in local law enforcement officers questioning individuals in these jails about their immigration status, preparing documents to charge them for immigration violations, and ordering the continued detention of persons thought to be subject to deportation. As of May 5, 2017, there were 40 287(g) “jail agreements,” but the Trump administration continues to recruit new counties to join his deportation force. There are 25 in Texas alone.

25 Counties in Texas have 287(g) agreements

CountyDate signedView the agreement*
AransasJune 30, 2017Aransas County 287(g) agreement
BurnetFebruary 2, 2018Burnet County 287(g) agreement
CalhounJune 28, 2017Calhoun County 287(g) agreement
ChambersJuly 17, 2017Chambers County 287(g) agreement
DeWittJune 30, 2017DeWitt County 287(g) agreement
GalvestonJune 30, 2017Galveston County 287(g) agreement
GoliadJune 26, 2017Goliad County 287(g) agreement
JacksonJanuary 26, 2017Jackson County 287(g) agreement
KendallMarch 26, 2018Kendall County 287(g) agreement
LavacaJune 30, 2017Lavaca County 287(g) agreement
LubbockNovember 16, 2016Lubbock County 287(g) agreement
MatagordaJuly 27, 2017Matagorda County 287(g) agreement
MontgomeryJune 28, 2017Montgomery County 287(g) agreement
NuecesJanuary 18, 2018Nueces County 287(g) agreement
PotterJanuary 25, 2018Potter County 287(g) agreement
RefugioJune 28, 2017Refugio County 287(g) agreement
Rockwall**January 25, 2018Rockwall County 287(g) agreement
SmithApril 25, 2017Smith County 287(g) agreement
TarrantJune 19, 2017Tarrant County 287(g) agreement
TerrellJanuary 25, 2018Tarrant County 287(g) agreement
VictoriaJuly 12, 2017Victoria County 287(g) agreement
WalkerJuly 20, 2017Walker County 287(g) agreement
WallerMay 22, 2017Waller County 287(g) agreement
WhartonJuly 17, 2017Wharton County 287(g) agreement
WilliamsonFebruary 8, 2018Williamson County 287(g) agreement

*All agreements are set to expire June 30, 2019.

**View the additional records we received from Rockwall County in response to our 287(g) Open Records Request.

Read our letter to the Department of Homeland Security's Office of Civil Rights and Civil Liberties urging an end to 287(g) agreements with Victoria, Smith and Waller Counties (Feb. 7, 2017).

Read our letter to the Department of Homeland Security's Office of Civil Rights and Civil Liberties urging an end to 287(g) agreements with Aransas, Brazoria, Chambers, DeWitt, Galveston, Matagorda, Montgomery and Refugio Counties (March 31, 2017).