What is a 287(g) agreement?

The Section 287(g) program allows certain state and local law enforcement agencies to engage in federal immigration enforcement activities.

The ACLU has strongly opposed the 287(g) program, believing it has led to illegal racial profiling and civil rights abuses while diverting scarce resources from traditional local law enforcement functions and distorting immigration enforcement priorities.

How have 287(g) agreements been used in Texas in the past?

For the past decade, Texas only had two 287(g) agreements with U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE): the Harris County Sheriff Department and the Carrolton Police Department. In February 2017, the newly elected Harris County Sheriff honored his campaign promise to end the agreement with ICE because of civil rights concerns and costs. This outcome couldn't have been possible without the great organizing efforts of the immigrant rights and criminal justice community. In 2018, Carrolton Police Department ended their 287(g) agreement.

How are 287(g) agreements being used under the Trump administration?

While Harris County and Carrolton PD opted out of the 287(g) agreement, eighteen Texas counties applied and signed 287(g) "jail agreements" with ICE. As of July 31, 2017 the following jurisdictions have joined Trump's deportation efforts and will have deputies acting as immigration agents in their jails: Aransas, Burnet, Calhoun, Chambers, DeWitt, Galveston, Goliad, Jackson, Lavaca, Lubbock, Matagorda, Montgomery, Nueces, Potter, Refugio, Rockwall, Smith, Tarrant, Terrell, Victoria, Walker, Waller, Wharton and Williamson. Some of these jurisdictions have concerning track records related to racial profiling, civil rights abuses and discrimination.

Below is an interactive map of Texas counties who have enrolled in the 287(g) program. Hover above the highlighted region to reveal the name of the County.

Collaboration through a 287(g) agreement is not mandatory and makes our communities less safe. This program has a track record of devastating consequences for community relations: it erodes people’s trust in our officers and makes residents reluctant to report crimes because they fear they or their family members might face deportation. In addition, such collaboration strains public funds and exposes local governments to legal liability. Local law enforcement should place their community and its safety first by refusing to enter into a 287(g) agreement or any other intergovernmental service agreement with ICE. The costs of enmeshing in federal civil immigration enforcement far outweigh any perceived benefits.

Currently, Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) only negotiates “jail agreements,” which allow local police to act like federal immigration agents within local jails. This results in local law enforcement officers questioning individuals in these jails about their immigration status, preparing documents to charge them for immigration violations, and ordering the continued detention of persons thought to be subject to deportation. As of May 5, 2017, there were 40 287(g) “jail agreements,” but the Trump administration continues to recruit new counties to join his deportation force. There are 25 in Texas alone.

25 Counties in Texas have 287(g) agreements

County Date signed View the agreement*
Aransas June 30, 2017 Aransas County 287(g) agreement
Burnet February 2, 2018 Burnet County 287(g) agreement
Calhoun June 28, 2017 Calhoun County 287(g) agreement
Chambers July 17, 2017 Chambers County 287(g) agreement
DeWitt June 30, 2017 DeWitt County 287(g) agreement
Galveston June 30, 2017 Galveston County 287(g) agreement
Goliad June 26, 2017 Goliad County 287(g) agreement
Jackson January 26, 2017 Jackson County 287(g) agreement
Kendall March 26, 2018 Kendall County 287(g) agreement
Lavaca June 30, 2017 Lavaca County 287(g) agreement
Lubbock November 16, 2016 Lubbock County 287(g) agreement
Matagorda July 27, 2017 Matagorda County 287(g) agreement
Montgomery June 28, 2017 Montgomery County 287(g) agreement
Nueces January 18, 2018 Nueces County 287(g) agreement
Potter January 25, 2018 Potter County 287(g) agreement
Refugio June 28, 2017 Refugio County 287(g) agreement
Rockwall** January 25, 2018 Rockwall County 287(g) agreement
Smith April 25, 2017 Smith County 287(g) agreement
Tarrant June 19, 2017 Tarrant County 287(g) agreement
Terrell January 25, 2018 Tarrant County 287(g) agreement
Victoria July 12, 2017 Victoria County 287(g) agreement
Walker July 20, 2017 Walker County 287(g) agreement
Waller May 22, 2017 Waller County 287(g) agreement
Wharton July 17, 2017 Wharton County 287(g) agreement
Williamson February 8, 2018 Williamson County 287(g) agreement

*All agreements are set to expire June 30, 2019.

**View the additional records we received from Rockwall County in response to our 287(g) Open Records Request.

Read our letter to the Department of Homeland Security's Office of Civil Rights and Civil Liberties urging an end to 287(g) agreements with Victoria, Smith and Waller Counties (Feb. 7, 2017).

Read our letter to the Department of Homeland Security's Office of Civil Rights and Civil Liberties urging an end to 287(g) agreements with Aransas, Brazoria, Chambers, DeWitt, Galveston, Matagorda, Montgomery and Refugio Counties (March 31, 2017).